Testosterone deficiency is caused by insufficient production of testosterone and it can affect both male and female. Testosterone is the male growth hormone, female also produces testosterone but in very small amount. In male, testosterone is responsible for developing male sex characteristics such as the penis, scrotum, and testicle. Testosterone is also responsible for developing secondary male sex characteristics such as facial hair, body hair, bone mass, masculinity, and deep voices.
In male, testosterone is produce in the testes and in female it is produce in the ovaries. Testosterone production increases during puberty and begin to decline after age 30 for men. Low level of testosterone is also associated with a condition called andropause in which symptoms associated with low level of testosterone occur gradually as men ages.
Andropause is also referred to as male menopause and occur gradually after age 30. Most women go through menopause after age 50 and they usually experience sharp decline in certain hormone production rather than gradual decline experience by men. Testosterone is crucial for male sexual function as it is also responsible for male sexual desire, sexual arousal and sperm production.
Causes of Testosterone Deficiency
Other factors that caused testosterone to decline may also include the following.
• Turner syndrome (affecting women only)
• Klinefelter syndrome (affecting men only)
• Anorchism (absence of testes)
• Cryptorchidism (failure of testicles descending into the scrotum)
• Radiation therapy
• Testicular injury
• Testicular tumor
• Liver and kidney disease
• Damage caused by surgery in the testes
Deficiency of testosterone can affect a man’s sex drive when he gets older. Both male and female experience the same symptoms caused by low level of testosterone and these may include the following.
• Lack of sexual desire
• Lack of sexual arousal
• Lack of orgasm
• Difficulty achieving and maintaining erection
• Reduce genital sensitivity
• Reduce nipples sensitivity
• Low energy levels
• Mood swing
• Increase fat mass
• Reduce muscle mass
• Reduce bone mass
• Reduce body hair
Types of Treatment
Testosterone deficiency can be treated with testosterone replacement therapy (TRT). The therapy involves the use of testosterone supplements that are available as oral medication, testosterone gel, testosterone patch, and injections.
The use of testosterone supplements is more common among men than women. For women the use of testosterone supplements is not always necessary for treating the deficiency. Some women can maintain natural testosterone production for decades after menopause and they can be treated with estrogen-replacement therapy alone and some may require the combination of testosterone and estrogen-replacement therapy.
It is important to take your time to seek
proper medical advice about TRT and find a good physician that can work
closely with you to determine the best dosage and the best delivery
method to treat the deficiency.
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