There are three types of prostate diseases and these include prostatitis, benign prostatic hyperplasia, and prostate cancer.
Prostatitis is prostate diseases that occur as a result of enlarged and inflamed prostate caused by infection such as gonococcus bacterium or protozoan trichomonas. This disease affect men of any age and the symptoms may include pain in the pelvic area, lower abdominal pain, backache, aching testicles, urgent need to urinate frequently, burning sensation during urinating, cloudy discharge from penis, and painful erections or ejaculations.
There are four types of prostatitis and these include acute bacterial prostatitis, chronic bacterial prostatitis, chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome, and asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis.
Acute bacterial prostatitis is caused by bacterial infection. The symptoms may include chill, fever, pain in the lower back and genital area, frequent need to urinate, and burning sensation during urinating. The symptoms can be treated with antimicrobial a medication that kills bacterial infection.
Chronic bacterial prostatitis is also caused by bacterial infection. This type of infection tends to come back again after initial treatment. The infection can be treated with antimicrobial for a long period of time.
Chronic prostatitis or chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CPPS) is the most common prostate problem that is not caused by bacterial infection. The symptoms may include pain in lower pelvic region, pain in the lower back and lower abdomen, pain at the tip of the penis and in the testes, frequent need to urinate, and painful ejaculation. The treatment for this condition may involve medication and surgery.
Asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis is a condition that has no symptoms. This type of prostatitis is usually discovered by doctor when testing for prostate cancer. White blood cells are normally detected in the urine during lab tests with no indication of any bacterial infection. This condition may be treated with Advil or antibiotics.
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)
Benign prostatic hyperplasias are prostate diseases that affects older men in which the prostate gland increase in size due to old age. This enlargement of prostate gland put pressure on the urethra making it difficult for urine flow. The symptoms may include frequent and urgent need to urinate, trouble urinating, small amount of urine flow, and small amount of blood in the urine.
BPH is not cancerous but early symptoms are similar to prostate cancer so it is important to see a doctor and get tested. There are several tests doctor can perform to identify BPH and these include digital rectal exam, blood test, imaging, urine flow study, and cystoscopy.
Once BPH has been diagnosed, the disease can be treated in several ways including carefully monitoring the condition, medication, nonsurgical procedures, and surgery. During the time when the condition is being carefully monitor no actual treatment is used to treat the symptoms. However, an individual is ready for treatment as soon as the symptoms get worse. The treatment may involve medication, nonsurgical procedures or surgery.
Prostate Cancer – How it Works
Prostate cancer is the development of malignant tumors that occur in some men with relative to old age. Factors that are associated with the development of prostate cancer include old age, family history of prostate cancer, smoking, black race, prior history of sexually transmitted disease, and diet high in saturated fats.
Early symptoms that are associated with prostate cancer may include pain in the pelvic area, lower abdominal pain, backache, aching testicles, frequent and urgent need to urinate, burning sensation during urinating, cloudy discharge from penis, and painful erections or ejaculations.
Prostate cancer can be diagnosed with the combination of annual rectal examination and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test. Once prostate cancer has been diagnosed, prostate cancer treatment may include carefully monitoring the cancer, radical prostatectomy and cryoprostatectomy.