Birth control spermicide is a form of contraceptive that is applies into the vagina to prevent pregnancy. Spermicides are available in different forms and these include spermicide cream, spermicide gel, contraceptive foam, vaginal contraceptive film, and vaginal suppositories. Most contains chemical nonoxynol-9 that kills sperms so be certain to look for this active ingredient when using spermicides. Spermicides may be use alone but it is best used with condoms, diaphragm, or cervical cap to provide effective protection.
How it Works
Birth control spermicide is available over the counter without prescription in many drugstores and supermarkets. Each form of spermicide is used differently. Spermicide cream, spermicide gel, and contraceptive foam are inserted into the vagina by using an applicator tube. First you need to fill the applicator with spermicide which is than inserted into the vagina and apply close to the cervix.
Vaginal contraceptive film is a thin square translucent sheet which is inserted into the vagina by folding the film in half and place over the cervix. Vaginal contraceptive film dissolves very quickly once put in place and is less messy as it can be inserted by hand without using applicator tube. Vaginal suppositories are inserted into the vagina similar to tampon and must be pushed up all the way to the cervix.
Most spermicides must be inserted into the vagina and left in place for at least 15 minutes before sexual intercourse. If more than 1 hour have gone by after insertion and you have not engaged in sexual intercourse, additional spermicide need to be inserted each time you have intercourse. Spermicides work by killing sperms to prevent egg fertilization. Spermicides should remain in place for at least 6 hours after intercourse and avoid douching during this period for effective protection.
Spermicides are available over the counter without prescription. Spermicides are hormone free so you don’t have to worry about hormone related side effects and it does not affect future fertility. If you decide to get pregnant you simply stop using the spermicides. It is easy to carry around and can be use with condoms, diaphragm, or cervical cap for extra protection. Spermicides can be used during breastfeeding and it may also provide vaginal lubrication during sexual interaction.
Spermicide does not provide full protection against sexually transmitted diseases. Some people may be allergic to spermicides and the use of spermicides can be messy and interfere with sexual activity. It may cause genital irritation and it may also increase the risk of vaginal infections and urinary tract infection.
Additional spermicides need to be inserted each time you have sexual
intercourse. It should not be used too frequently because the chemical
nonoxynol-9 may irritate vaginal tissues and increase the risk of being
infected with HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases.
Return from Birth Control Spermicide to Contraception
Return to Homepage Self Help Sexuality