Female Sexual Anatomy

Below is an outline of what you will discover about female sexual anatomy and physiology. Simply click the link on each of the subtopic below to learn more about female anatomy and physiology.

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Female sexual anatomy consists of internal and external structures. Internal structure consists of the vagina, cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes, and the ovaries.

External structure consists of the vulva, mons veneris, labia majora, labia minora, clitoris, vestibule, urethral opening, vaginal opening, and perineum.

Vulva The vulva is the female external genitalia that consist of the pubic hair, mons veneris, labia majora, labia minora, clitoris, vestibule, urethral opening, vaginal opening (introitus), and perineum.

Female Genital Mutilation Female genital mutilation is the practice that involves cutting away partial or total removal of the external female genitalia.

Cervix The female internal genitalia consist of the vagina, cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries.

Vaginal Lubrication Vaginal lubrication occurs during sexual arousal in which clear, slippery fluid appeared in a woman’s vagina.

Vaginal Discharge Vaginal discharge is normal vaginal secretions that help cleanses and maintain healthy vagina.

Vaginal Infections Vaginal infections or vaginitis is inflammation of the vaginal wall caused by changes in the chemical balance of the vagina.

Douching Douching is the process of rinsing out the inside of vagina wall with the use of feminine hygiene sprays.

The Menstrual Cycle The menstrual cycle is a complex chain of event that is self regulated during which hypothalamus release chemicals that stimulates the pituitary gland to produce two hormones that affect the ovaries.

Menstrual Cycle Problems Many women experience menstrual cycle problems associated with menstruation and these include premenstrual syndrome, dysmenorrheal, amenorrhea, and toxic shock syndrome.

Perimenopause The term perimenopause is now use instead of premenopause to describe the years leading to menopause and during this time many women experience declined in menstruation that slow down the reproductive system.

Menopause Menopause occurs as a result of permanent end to menstruation. This usually takes place for women who reach the age of 51, but this can also occur to women in the thirties or late sixties.

Hormone Replacement Therapy Hormone replacement therapy is most commonly used to treat health issues and symptoms related to menopause.

Urinary Tract Infection Urinary tract infection is the infection of the organ system that includes the urethra, bladder, and kidneys.

Pap Smear A pap smear also known as pap test is a quick painless medical procedure in which sample cells are collected from a woman’s cervix and examined for abnormal changes.

Hysterectomy Hysterectomy is a surgical procedure performed to remove a woman’s uterus.

Oophorectomy Oophorectomy is a surgical procedure performed to remove a woman’s ovary.

Breast Lumps Breast lumps is a swelling or lump in the breast that are either cancerous or non-cancerous.

Breast Cancers Breast cancers usually begins to grow either in the milk ducts (ductal carcinoma) or the lobules (lobular carcinoma) the glands that produce milk.

Breast Self Exams The combination of breast self exams and routine exams by health care practitioner on a monthly basis is the best method of early detection and prevention of breast cancer or lumps.

Breast Cancer Treatments Breast cancer treatments begin with diagnosis and these may include mammography, MRI, ultrasound, biopsy, CT scan, and PET scan.

Breast Reconstruction Breast reconstruction is a surgical procedure performed for women who had mastectomy.

Breast Implants Breast implants is performed to reconstruct or alter the size and shape of a woman’s breast by placing a silicone pouch under the woman’s chest muscle.

Colon Cancers Colon cancers also known as colorectal cancer is cancer of the large intestine (colon) and rectum (end of the colon).

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